Skip to main content

Table 3 A comparison between different thermal techniques for benign thyroid nodules

From: High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid nodules – a systematic review

Thermal technique Cost Treatment duration Main Usage
PEIT USD 50 – USD 100 5 to 10 mins Predominantly cystic benign thyroid nodules
RFA Equipment: USD 25000
Consumables: USD400 per session
~15 to 30 mins Solid functioning benign thyroid nodules
LAT Equipment with built in laser source: ~ USD12000
Nd:YAG laser source: ~USD15,000 to USD 20,000
Consumables: ~USD400 per session
~30 mins Cold nodules, autonomously functioning thyroid nodules and cysts
Microwave ablation Equipment: USD 35000
Consumables: USD400 per session
~25 to 30 mins Predominantly solid or solid benign nodules
HIFU Equipment cost: ~USD 400,000
Annual maintenance: 10% of the base price
Consumables: ~USD 350 per treatment
~60–80 min Predominantly solid or solid benign nodules
  1. Abbreviations: PEIT percutaneous ethanol injection therapy, RFA radiofrequency ablation, LAT laser ablation therapy, HIFU high intensity focused ultrasound