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Table 1 Temperature on thermocouples at 10 and 30 mm obtained by theoretical simulations and experimental (40 experiments with and without the cortical bone)

From: Why we should care about soft tissue interfaces when applying ultrasonic diathermy: an experimental and computer simulation study

  Simulation [°C] Experimental [°C]
Without the bonea With the bonea Without the boneb With the boneb
10 mm TP1 38.57 42.59 37.52 (0.69) 38.66 (0.96)
TP2c 39.04 43.59 42.01 (0.47) 42.37 (0.96)
TP3 38.58 42.60 37.94 (0.47) 38.47 (0.80)
30 mm TP4 37.07 53.75 36.31 (0.16) 37.42 (0.76)
TP5c 37.34 61.15 36.70 (0.21) 39.23 (1.01)
TP6 37.08 53.74 36.28 (0.25) 37.21 (0.66)
  1. TPi → i-th Thermocouple (i = 1 to 6)
  2. aValues are mean
  3. bValues are mean (SD)
  4. cCentral thermocouples