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Table 1 Radiographic scoring system for fracture healing [6, 18, 19]

From: The influence of low-intensity physiotherapeutic ultrasound on the initial stage of bone healing in rats: an experimental and simulation study

Categories Scores
0 1 2 3
Periosteal reaction None Mild (<50 %) Moderate (>50 %) Full—across the defect
Quality of bone union No new bone in the fracture line—nonunion Mild bridge (<50 %) Moderate bridge (>50 %) Full bone bridge union
Remodeling No remodeling Mild remodeling (<50 %) Full remodeling cortex