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Table 1 Exposure conditions and times to rupture for all vessels sonicated in the rupture prediction experiments

From: Prediction and suppression of HIFU-induced vessel rupture using passive cavitation detection in an ex vivo model

Trial AWG output voltage (mVpp) Measured acoustic power (W) Computed focal intensity ISPTP(W/cm2) Computed peak negative pressure (MPa) Time to rupture (s)
1 250 20.28 15,690 10.92 29
2 250 20.28 15,690 10.92 133
3 275 26.45 20,570 11.83 27
4 275 26.45 20,570 11.83 25
5 275 26.45 20,570 11.83 NR
6 275 26.45 20,570 11.83 NR
7 280 26.96 20,940 11.90 NR
8 285 27.53 21,350 11.97 14
9 285 27.53 21,350 11.97 32
10 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 55
11 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 41
12 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 60
13 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 19
14 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 133
15 300 28.42 21,980 12.09 35
16 325 32.06 24,430 12.52 55
17 325 32.06 24,430 12.52 67
18 325 32.06 24,430 12.52 42
  1. In trials 5–7, NR indicates that no rupture occurred. AWG arbitrary waveform generator.